Victor Marie Hugo
26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers of all time. Outside of France, his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame 1831. In France, Hugo is known primarily for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages).
Hugo was at the forefront of the romantic literary movement with his plays Cromwell and Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the musicals Notre-Dame de Paris and Les Misérables. He produced more than 4,000 drawings in his lifetime, and campaigned for social causes such as the abolition of capital punishment.
Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism; his work touches upon most of the political and social issues and the artistic trends of his time. He is buried in the Panthéon in Paris. His legacy has been honoured in many ways, including his portrait being placed on French currency.
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